E-cigarette use: Prevalence & patterns of use

E-cigarette among young people
The increasing availability of e-cigarettes and vaping products has raised concerns about the implications for use among young people. We have conducted a range of studies to examine the initiation of vaping products and use among smokers and non-smokers.

Use of electronic cigarettes among Canadian studies in 2014-15: Prevalence and correlates of use.
Montreuil A, MacDonald M, Asbridge M, Wild C, Hammond D, Manske S, Rutherford E.
Canadian Medical Association Journal – Open 2017; 5(2): E460–E467.

E-cigarette use in Canada: Prevalence and patterns of use in a regulated market.
Shiplo S, Czoli C, Hammond D.
BMJ Open 2015; 5: e007971.

Who is using e-cigarettes in Canada? Nationally representative data on the prevalence of e-cigarette use among Canadians.
Reid JL, Rynard VL, Czoli CD, Hammond D.
Preventive Medicine 2015; 81:180–183.

Electronic cigarettes in Canada: Prevalence of use and perceptions among young adults. 
Czoli C, White CM, Hammond D.
Canadian Journal of Public Health 2014; 105(2): e97-e102.

How do consumers perceive differences in risk across nicotine products? A review of relative risk perceptions across smokeless tobacco, e-cigarettes, nicotine replacement therapy and combustible cigarettes.
Czoli C, Fong GT, Mays D, Hammond D.
Tobacco Control 2017; 26:e49–e58. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053060.

Smokers’ and e-cigarette users’ perceptions of potential e-cigarette warning statements.
Wackowski OA, Hammond D, O’Connor RJ, Strasser A, Delnevo CD.
International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health 2016; 13(7):E655.

Smokers’ and e-cigarette users’ perceptions of modified risk warnings for e-cigarettes.
Wackowski OA, O’Connor RJ, Strasser A, Hammond D, Villanti A, Delnevo CD.
Preventive Medicine Reports 2016; 4:309-12.

International patterns of e-cigarette use
We are tracking e-cigarette use in different countries through the ITC Project, which includes cohorts of smokers in approximately 20 countries around the world. We have published two studies examining the early stages of e-cigarette uptake in four Western countries: the US, Canada, the UK and Australia.

E-cigarette advertisements, and associations with the use of e-cigarettes and disapproval or quitting of smoking: Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Netherlands Survey.
Nagelhout GE, Heijndijk SM, Cummings KM, Willemsen MC, van den Putte B, Heckman BW, Hummel K, de Vries H, Hammond D, Borland R.
International Journal of Drug Policy 2016; 29:73-9.

Consumer preferences for electronic cigarettes: Results from a discrete choice experiment.
Czoli CD, Goniewicz M, Islam T, Kotnowski K & Hammond D.
Tobacco Control 2016; 25: e30-e36. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052422.

E-cigarette market trends in traditional US retail channels: 2012-2013.
Giovenco D, Hammond D, Corey C, Bridget A, Delnevo C.
Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2015; 17(10):1279-83.

Awareness, Ever-Trial, and Use of Electronic Cigarettes Among 10 Countries: Findings from the ITC Project.
Gravely S, Fong GT, Cumming KM, Quah ACK, Borland R, McNeill A, Hitchman SC, Hammond D, Thrasher JF, Willemsen M, Gwan H, Yuan J, Omar M, Naglehout GE.
International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health 2014; 11(11):11691-704.

Electronic nicotine delivery systems: International Tobacco Control Four-Country Survey.
Adkison SE, O’Connor RJ, Bansal-Travers M, Hyland A, Borland R, Cummings KM, McNeill A, Thrasher JF, Hammond D, Fong GT.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2012; 44(3): 207-15.


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